Mineral Raw Materials are mineral constituents of the earth's crust which are of economic value. In the most comprehensive sense this includes the so-called "mine output" as well as the output from processing at or near the mines (for instance, the up-grading of ores to concentrates).

Primary Materials are marketable products obtained by processing crude minerals (usually up to the first processing stage only).

Contents of output are mostly calculated empirically.


Weights and Measures:

1 metric ton (metr. t) = 1 000 kg
1 short ton (short t) = 907.2 kg
1 long ton (long t) = 1 016.047 kg
1 pound (lb) = 0.4536 kg
1 troy ounce (oz) = 31.1035 g
1 carat (ct) = 200 mg


Conversion table:

Volume units:

1 cubic foot (ft³) = cubic meter (m³) x 0.028317
1 cubic meter (m³) = cubic foot (ft³) x 35.31467
1 US (=petroleum) barrel (bbl) = 42 liquid US gallons = 158.98 l
1 flask Mercury = 76 lb = 34.5 kg

Conversion for salt brine:

1 m³ x 0.3 = 1 metr. t

Conversion factor for natural gas (approximate method):

1 m³ = 0.8 kg = 0.0008 metr. t

Conversion for crude petroleum (approximate method):

7.33 bbl (barrel) = 1 metr. t
1 bbl = 0.1364 metr. t
1 bbl/d = 49.8 metr. t/a 

Conversion factor for lignite (metr. t to TCE = ton coal equivalents):

0.19 Greece, North Macedonia

0.30 Afghanistan, Algeria, Argentina, Bangladesh, Belgium, Belarus, Bhutan, Botswana, Brazil, Burundi, Central African Republic, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czech Republic, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Falkland/Malvinas Islands, Finland, Georgia, Germany, Haiti, Honduras, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Jamaica, Kazakhstan, Korea North, Korea South, Kyrgyzstan, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mexico, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Nepal, Netherlands, New Caledonia, Niger, Norway, Oman, Poland, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Slovakia, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, St. Vincent/Grenadine, Sweden, Taiwan, Tajikistan, Tanzania, Turkmenistan, Remaining Eastern Asia (SWL), Remaining Eastern Europe, former USSR/CIS, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uruguay, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe

0.32 Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia, Kosovo, Serbia and Montenegro, Slovenia, former Yugoslavia

0.33 Australia, Cambodia, Denmark, India, Japan, Laos, Madagascar, Myanmar, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peru, Philippines, Romania, Thailand, Turkey, Vietnam

0.36 Italy

0.40 China, France, Hungary

0.45 Russia

0.50 Albania, Austria, Bulgaria, Canada, New Zealand, United States of America

0.58 Portugal

Conversion factor for steam coal, coking coal (metr. t to TCE = ton coal equivalents):

0.60 Czech Republic, Albania

0.65 Indonesia

0.66 Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan

0.70 Cameroon, Chile, Ecuador, Pakistan, St. Vincent/Grenadines, Sweden

0.71 India

0.72 China, Remaining Eastern Asia

0.76 Croatia, Serbia and Montenegro, former Yugoslavia

0.77 Spain

0.78 Japan, Nigeria

0.80 Afghanistan, Algeria, Argentina, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Bolivia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burundi, Cambodia, Central African Republic, Costa Rica, Cuba, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Egypt, Eswatini, Ethiopia, Falkland/Malvinas Islands, Finland, Greece, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Korea North, Korea South, Laos, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Mexico, Moldova, Mongolia, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Zealand, Niger, Norway, Oman, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Remaining Asia, Romania, Russia, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tunisia, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zaire, Zambia, Zimbabwe

0.82 United Kingdom

0.85 France, Poland, Remaining Africa, South Africa

0.86 Belgium, United States of America

0.90 Australia

0.91 Turkey

0.94 Germany, Colombia

0.95 Canada